Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) was developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg in collaboration with their colleagues at the Milwaukee Brief Family Therapy Center,USA in the 1970s. As the name suggests, SFBT is future-focused, goal-directed approach that focuses constructing on solutions, rather than dwelling on the problems.
Solution-Focused Brief Therapy is an evidence-based therapeutic approach and is based on the idea that understanding the details and causes of the problem is often not necessary for building a solution. The focus is directed towards how the client wants things to be different and what is already helping the client to reach near the goal. The therapist helps the client to search through the client’s life experience and behavioural repertoire to discover the necessary resources needed to co-construct a practical and sustainable solution. The therapist also helps the client to create clear visions of future when things are better and this preferred future creates hopes in client and direct the process of therapy keeping it brief and focused. SF therapists and their clients consistently collaborate in identifying goals reflective of clients’ best hopes and in developing satisfying solutions.
Solution Focused (SF) Approach in areas other than therapy
SF approach, as a general philosophy of change and as a set of conversational tools, has applications far beyond its original therapeutic use. SF practitioners focus on strengths and resources people or organizations possess in order to bring the desired changes to move forward. By creating clear and detailed visions of desired future and by working toward building progress, SF helps people to develop effective solutions in briefer durations.
Below is a list of some areas where SF approach is successfully used: